FREQUENCY AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME IN MEDICAL COLLEGE GIRLS

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Asha Mahesh, S. Zubair A. Tirmizi, S. Sanwer Ali

ABSTRACT: | Full Text PDF

Objective: To determine the frequency & associated factors of premenstrual syndrome in medical collage students.

Methods: A cross sectional study by random sampling was conducted during July to September 2009 among the 200 medical students aged b/w 18-25 years of private medical institution. Questionnaire was derived from DMS-IVdiagnostic criteria for premenstrual dysphonic disease and PMS symptoms.

Results: All of the students (100%) who participated in this study reported some degree of at least one symptom. Using DSM-IV diagnostic criteria prevalence of PMS was found to be 59%. The order of frequency of psychological symptoms include increase appetite 67.5%, worry and anxiety 60%, tired or lethargic 54%, felt suddenly sad / tearful 56.5%, interpersonal conflict 54% and depressed mood 52.5% and physical symptoms were found in the order of backache 55%, acne 50.5%, joint or muscle pains 49.5%, abdominal bloating 44.5% and weight gain 40.5%. Age (p =.460), Living condition (p=0.270) and residence (p=0.170) showed no association with the severity of symptoms of PMS.

Conclusion: PMS is frequently occurring problem in medical students affecting the mental well being and concentration of students on their academics . It requires urgent identification and attention for better academic achievements.

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